Gordon White is now a major influence within chaos magick. I recently finished reading his latest book, The Chaos Protocols: Magical Technicques for Navigating the New Economic Reality.
It does not happen often, but I was offended by this book. Most of all, by the part where White presents a version of The Bornless Ritual (cannily retitled ‘The Headless Rite’.)
I have no problems with the ritual. However, White suggests that, consequent to its performance, â€œfamily-owned houses have sold for over a million dollarsâ€ and â€œI have had […] job offers from out of the blue without even an interview, from the worldâ€™s most desirable companyâ€ (White 2016: 72).
In western magick, the Bornless Ritual has been used to protect Goetic magickians from harm. It has also been employed to invoke the â€œholy guardian angelâ€. But White appears to regard it as a suitable vehicle for wealth magick (73).
There was much in the book I found inspiring, particularly the analysis of the world economic situation. But, despite admiring Whiteâ€™s genuinely devastating portrayal of how â€˜the rules of this world were simply not built for your benefitâ€™ (6), I deplore his proposed solution. And I have been puzzling ever since over the offence that this style of chaos magick provokes in me.
Offence stems generally from holding beliefs too rigidly. So what justification have I, as a supposedly belief-shifting chaos magickian, admitting to an experience of offence? I hold the view that the importance we place on the results of our magick reveals something about our nature. Yet White regards as a â€œdangerous illusionâ€ (54) the perspective that magick is a teleological or developmental process. His view is that we do not and cannot know what we really want (our â€˜True Willâ€™) because no such thing exists.
Despite forgoing the notion of will, this seems a fundamentally Nietzschean moral outlook. It is indeed an enlivening critique of the sadly compliant muggle who assumes the good life is attained merely from obeying societal rules. However, â€œthe lifeâ€™s work of a chaos magicianâ€, concludes White, is â€œfine-tuning probabilistic dials for fun and profitâ€ (136), which (to anyone who has seen The Wolf of Wall Street) might sound more like a memoir of a stockbroker than a mage.
White assumes a disparity of wealth between himself and his reader. â€œ[Y]ou would not be reading this book because you would already be wealthyâ€, he jibes at one point, although he credits that I might â€œbe reading it on the deck of your super-yacht in Croatiaâ€ (135). In the course of dispensing further careers advice, he proffers: â€œwhich option has even the tiniest chance of you owning a network of old folks homes and retiring to a private island?â€ (165), as if this were a self-evidently laudable aim.
Is this really a book about chaos magick? Maybe it is, because Whiteâ€™s tone perhaps reminds us of the kind of political opinions that Peter Carroll frequently expresses on his blog. (Carroll must despair of the leftist, socially-conscious and wealth-indifferent folk who â€“ in my experience â€“ form the majority of those involved in the contemporary chaos current.) Yet, unlike Carroll, White seems a little uncomfortable with his own views. At one point he laments: â€œno one explains to you how difficult it is to demonstrate enough personal success to justify taking up the readerâ€™s time without sounding like an appalling person in the processâ€ (179).
Maybe this was an insight that should have given him greater pause for thought because, evidently, like most, White wants to be a good person. To be seen as good implies that goodness is indeed something that others recognise and share. â€œ[T]he fundamental form of human relationshipâ€, writes Alasdair MacIntyre, following Aristotle, â€œis in terms of shared goods. The egoist is […] always someone who has made a fundamental mistake about where his own good lies and someone who has thus and to that extent excluded himself from human relationshipsâ€ (MacIntyre 1985: 229).
One of the most pernicious effects of globalised capitalism is its atomisation of society. Whatever the latest technology, convenience or working practice, it seems always at the expense of human relationships. White wants to dance his own dance, and yet it seems to be very much to capitalismâ€™s tune.
White strongly advises the magickian to uproot from his or her community and follow the money: â€œRefusing to move is taking the position that you will make do with the reduced or entirely absent opportunities in the area where you currently liveâ€ (White 2016: 163). Rather than finding ways to develop honest and direct relationships with others (and with ourselves), he advises: â€œyou will need to be very good at compartmentalisationâ€ (169), and to deal with the psychological consequences of this alienation: â€œIf you want to complain about people, get a therapistâ€ (169). While some might regard this as the chaos magickian bucking the system, it looks suspiciously to me like self-centred quietism. I can hear capitalism laughing at us… Or, at least, I think it is capitalism that I hear…
Whiteâ€™s fundamental egotistical mistake is perhaps due to the underlying magickal model he adopts in the book: the deal with the devil (or trickster). â€œYou will get nowhere in magic or in lifeâ€, he suggests, â€œwithout a robust relationship with the Lord of the Crossroadsâ€ (106). Yet, ever since Doctor Faustus, it is clear that anyone who enters into such a deal loses their soul. As in goetic workings, where the magickian expects to be screwed if the spirits are given leeway, so the signatory of the midnight crossroads pact must recognise that their soul is necessarily forfeit. This is simply the consequence of entering into that magickal model.
But I suspect that, in his rejection of the concept of â€œTrue Willâ€, White assumes he has no soul in the first place to lose. However, this exempts no one from the conditions of that magickal model. This is the error, I think, that accounts for the ethical vacuity of The Chaos Protocols, despite its perspicacity in so many other respects.
Either White assumes that his soul is not worth saving, or by assuming he has none to lose he is attempting playing a trick on the trickster, and in the process identifying with that from which he hoped to extract a bargain. But in this way he simply swindles himself; he ends up doing the devilâ€™s work, instead of the devil doing his.
This was the source of my offence, I realised: the lack of importance placed on the development of the soul. If that really plays no part in chaos magick, then neither can I.
MacIntyre, Alasdair (1985). After Virtue: a Study in Moral Theory. Second edition. London: Duckworth.
White, Gordon (2016). The Chaos Protocols: Magical Techniques for Navigating the New Economic Reality. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn.