We have sermonised previously on unwelcome developments in contemporary chaos magick. Now, Gary Lachmanâ€™s latest book, Dark Star Rising: Magick and Power in the Age of Trump (2018), delivers another body-blow to the chaos magick current. Consider this passage:
Where the liar knows the truth and respects it â€“ he does not want to get caught in his lie â€“ the bullshitter [i.e. Trump] couldnâ€™t care less about it. He isnâ€™t interested in the truth [â€¦] He is interested in the effect his bullshit has on his audience [â€¦] For chaos magick and postmodernism, whether something is true or false simply no longer matters. Truth or falsehood are beliefs which we can take on or put off as need be. (Lachman, 2018: 75)
Tracing lines of influence between New Thought (aka â€œpositive thinkingâ€), postmodernism, and chaos magick, Lachman shows how the ethos of â€œNothing is True; Everything is Permittedâ€ has enabled ideologues of the far right to secure their hold on power.
Trump is more directly a product of New Thought, a philosophy which avers that imagining an outcome strongly enough will cause it to materialize (and is probably partly why Trump imagines he is the best at everything), but there is evidence that others who supported him into power â€“ such as Steve Bannon and Richard Spencer â€“ have done so with a more explicit awareness of chaos magick theory, and having employed techniques such as â€œmeme magickâ€.
Lachmanâ€™s book is a warning. Chaos magick is its villain. Without an ethical framework, chaos magick techniques can be appropriated by anyone. It is chilling to read quotations from the works of Julian Vayne and Phil Hine (just standard stuff about shifting beliefs, nudging reality; nothing disagreeable) in contexts that illuminate the alt-rightâ€™s agenda.
Chaotes who do not want chaos magick to become confused with neo-fascism need to wake up. The chaos star is already the emblem of Eurasian nationalism, thanks to Alexander Dugin. The strength of chaos magick is its weakness. Unlike other traditions, it does not tell its adherents what to believe; that would be silly, because adoption of belief is precisely one of the practical tools it offers for changing reality. Consequently, chaos magickians tend to do far more actual magick than traditions that offer a worldview rather than just a set of techniques. But without a worldview there is simply no frame of reference for assessing whether those techniques are used well or responsibly.
Consider belief-shifting, which, argues Wahid Azal, can become â€œthe vehicle for self-realization and understanding of the coincidentia oppositorum underlying all phenomenaâ€ (Azal, 2016). However, â€œwith Dugin and his acolytes the issue is not linked specifically to any spiritual practice and its realization per se but rather it is purely about political praxis and the will to power in its crudest formâ€ (Azal, 2016). In other words, belief-shifting and its effects are not a means of arriving at a greater understanding of the true nature of a world that can be affected by changes in belief, or the true nature of a self that can turn upon itself in this way, but simply as a means of imposing ego upon the world.
Those of us who reject the far right are not necessarily comfortable with neo-liberalism as an alternative. This is where Dugin, Spencer, and their ilk are especially dangerous, because although much is attractive in their criticism of neo-liberalism, everything in their proposals for where we must go instead is skewed from the outset.
The logic of world liberalism and globalisation pulls us into the abyss of postmodern dissolution and virtuality [â€¦] The usual phenomenon now is the loss of identity, and already not simply only national or cultural identity, but even sexual, and soon enough even human identity. (Dugin, 2012: 84)
Dugin wants to resist the dissolution with which liberalism confronts him. But chaos magickal praxis, with its basis in exactly the postmodernist thinking that Dugin wants to defend against, insists that identity is by definition fluid. How can manipulating oneâ€™s identity be supposed to make it non-manipulatable thereafter? Retention of identity, from a chaos magickal perspective, could only be in a paradoxical sense of conceding that it never existed in the first place.
The â€œactive metaphysicsâ€ Dugin ominously calls for, in order to â€œrealise the end of timesâ€ (Dugin, 2012: 100), will bring about his desired change of reality through a shift in belief. But in that case reality will be shown to have exactly the fluid, malleable nature that Dugin wants to guard against.
Lachman points out the same fundamental contradiction in Richard Spencer and the alt-right, who shift identities and beliefs in order for their meme magick to work, yet at the same time insist â€œrace is the foundation of identityâ€ (cited in Lachman, 2018: 80).
Those who are appropriating chaos magick in order to realise the aims of the far right are using tools that do not match their aims. But the tools work, so why worry? This is the problem with chaos magick: there seems to be no requirement to develop understanding. You do not need to look deeper into chaos magick in order to get it to work. Unless you actually want to understand what it is that you are really doing, and who that really makes you.
A fascism that has been realised through shifting beliefs and meme magick is not what it seems. Do the likes of Trump, Putin and Farage actually have objectives that are more than a corollary of their own aggrandisement? Dugin appears to confront this:
This personality is the political manâ€™s simulacrum. It is something that imitates the political soldier, in the same way that postmodernity imitates Modernity. [â€¦ W]hat we see is the undisguised, rotten liberal post-human and the pseudo-human, the pseudo-soldier, within whom the general substance of this phase of history has found itself. This is why we have the phenomenon of contemporary fascism, which is an excellent illustration of this condition. Every last vestige of fascism that was embodied by political soldiers ran out in 1945. Each and every declared fascist after 1945 is a simulacrum. (Dugin, 2012: 95)
Dugin recognises that the methods he proposes yield a politics that is not what it appears, but he is content to ride with it. As Azal describes this, from the perspective of those even harder right than Dugin, â€œhe has in recent times moved [â€¦] into what some neo-Traditionalists would probably characterize as â€˜counter-initiatic currentsâ€™ and the â€˜Counter-Traditionâ€™â€ (Azal, 2016).
Its lack of an ethics or worldview accounts for another oddity of chaos magick that many have highlighted, but none engages with as a glaring flaw: how almost every book on chaos magick is a book for beginners. With the clue in its title, an exception was Alan Chapmanâ€™s Advanced Magick for Beginners (2008), which dared to reinstate and re-clarify the Great Work as an obligatory goal for chaos magickians.
The methods of chaos magick will most likely continue to be appropriated by and become associated with the aims and agenda of the far right. Unless chaos magick grows up and accepts that a worldview and ethics is an intrinsic part of magickal practice, then it will become subsumed within these movements. The way to resist is to show the alt-right, and others, how their appropriation of these methods undermines their aims; the fascism produced by these means is self-contradictory and fake. We do this by allowing our own practice of these methods to lead us, through experience, to a deeper understanding of what reality is, and who we truly are.
Wahid Azal (2016). â€œDuginâ€™s Occult Fascism and the Hijacking of Left Anti-Imperialism and Muslim Anti-Salafismâ€ (counterpunch.org).
Alan Chapman (2008). Advanced Magick for Beginners. London: Aeon.
Alexander Dugin (2012). The Fourth Political Theory. London: Arktos.
Gary Lachman (2018). Dark Star Rising: Magick and Power in the Age of Trump. New York: TarcherPerigree.